Summary of publications on biportal endoscopic transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion.

AuthorsStudy DesignNo. of Cases (M/F)Follow-Up (Months)Clinical OutcomesComplication RateFusion Rate
Heo et al20 Case series69 (24/45)12Improved VAS and ODI5 cases (7.2%)No information
Kim et al22 Case series14 (6/8)2Improved VAS2 cases (14.3%)No information
Heo et al21 Case- controlBE-TLIF: 23 (7/16)12Improved VAS and ODIBE-TLIF:1 case (4.3%)BE-TLIF: 78.3% (x-ray)
MIS-TLIF: 45 (19/27)MIS-TLIF: 6 cases (13.0%)MIS-TLIF: 73.9% (x-ray)
Park et al23 Case- controlBE-TLIF: 71 (26/45)12Improved VAS and ODIBE- TLIF: 5 cases (7.0%)BE- TLIF: 95.1% (x-ray)
Open PLIF: 70 (20/50)MIS-TLIF: 6 cases (8.6%)MIS-TLIF: 90.0% (x-ray)
Quillo-Olvera et al24 Case series7 (3/4)9Improved VAS and ODI0 cases (0%)No information
Kim et al17 Case- controlBE-TLIF: 32 (17/15)12Improved VAS and ODIEndoscopic TLIF: 2 cases (6.3%)BE-TLIF: 93.7% (x-ray)
MIS-TLIF: 55 (25/30)MIS-TLIF: 3 cases (5.5%)MIS-TLIF: 92.7% (x-ray)
Kang et al25 Case-controlBE-TLIF: 47 (17/30)12Improved VAS, ODI, and SF-36BE-TLIF: 6 cases (12.8%)BE-TLIF: 81.8% (x-ray and CT)
MIS-TLIF: 32 (17/15)MIS-TLIF: 5 cases (15.6%)MIS-TLIF: 88.4% (x-ray and CT)
  • BE-TLIF, biportal endoscopic transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion; CT, computed tomography; F, female; M, male; MIS-TLIF: minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion; ODI, Oswestry Disability Index; SF-36, 36-Item Short Form Health Survey; VAS, visual analog scale.