Table 5

Risk-adjusted effect of depression or anxiety on maximum patient-reported outcomes measurement information system physical function improvement.

VariableUnadjusted β 95% CI P Value
Body mass index−0.028−0.234 to 0.1790.793
Female sex0.422−2.218 to 3.0620.753
Non-white race2.547−1.346 to 6.4400.199
American Society of Anesthesiologists score ≥3−0.892−3.599 to 1.8140.517
Fusion surgery0.383−2.173 to 2.9400.768
Depression or anxiety1.003−1.744 to 3.7500.473
  • Data are expressed as mean ± SD or n (%).